Friday, June 21, 2013

Some chinese TCM recipes to fight the haze in Singapore!

Recently, if you follow the newspapers or online media in Singapore (and or Malaysia), all you see or hear are just HAZE, PSI (Pollutants Standard Index) and N95 masks. Nothing else, they don't even talk about mosquitoes and dengue fevers anymore.

I have been following the FB postings of my family and friends very closely, and from the photos and the official PSI readings I have seen on FB, i think the situation has been pretty bad these few days, with PSI rising from 321 (19 June 10pm), to 371 (20 June 1pm) and to a new record of 401 (21 June 11 am)

I am not sure whether the Singapore government has done enough to help the citizens, I am expecting the government to issue a stop-work order once PSI hits 300, yet there is nothing done even when PSI hits 401. What about the government self-proclaimed stockpile of 9 million N95 masks, are they hiding in some warehouse and when do they ever get to see daylight? What is the government doing to curb the islandwide artificial shortage and skyhigh prices of N95 masks? (Note: it is just announced today (21 June) that 1 million N95 masks will be distributed for free to 200,000 needy households.) And although our government has introduced subsidised ($10) healthcare for haze-related ailments, that applies only for a very select group, i.e. those under 18 yrs, those above 65 years, or those holding CHAS (community health assistance scheme) cards, which means the majority of us who belong to the sandwiched group of 18 to 65 years, who are not considered vulnerable enough by the government, have to take care of ourselves? 自己保重? 

But I am glad to see that at least there have been some impromptu efforts organized by private individuals, to donate air purifiers and N95 face masks to the poor and underpriviledged in Singapore. I also saw some crowd sourcing efforts to source for N95 masks and purifiers here.

There is nothing much I can do, being so far away from Singapore. The only thing I can do is to search through my recipe archives and post some recipes which hopefully will help to alleviate the haze-related ailments such as runny nose, itchy eyes and sore throat. I have posted a few chinese TCM recipes on my FB page, but I am posting them here again for the benefit of those who have no access to FB or for those who are not subscribed to my page. 

Do remember to stay cool, drink lots of water or herbal tea, keep a close eye at the official PSI readings on NEA website, keep the windows shut and avoid going outdoors as much as possible. While you think you are suffering from the terrible heat and haze in Singapore, think about the poor Indonesians in Riau, some 30% are suffering from respiratory problems now!

(Source: fenyingrecipe.blogspot.com via Google Reader, no longer avail on web. Disclaimer: I have not tried these recipes before, so I cannot attest to how effective they are. If you are really sick, you need to see a doctor :)


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
1) 润肺茶
沙参 : 15g  玉竹 : 15g  南杏 : 12g  罗汉果 : ¼ 个
方法
1) 将所有材料洗净, 加适量水浸泡1小时
2) 以中火煮1小时, 即可代茶饮用
* 有滋阴润肺的作用, 适合食过量燥热食物者, 或熬夜后出现口干舌燥, 咽干, 声音沙哑, 干咳无痰, 大便干燥或便秘等。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
2) 五果润燥茶
材料1) 梨 : 2个, 苹果 : 2个, 罗汉果 : ½ 个, 無花果 : 6个, 蜜枣 : 4个
材料2) 水 : 5 – 8碗
方法
1) 苹果, 梨去皮, 去核, 切块
2) 罗汉果, 無花果, 蜜枣, 洗淨
3) 将所有材料放進煲內, 加入水用大火煮沸后, 改慢火煲1 小時, 即可当茶饮用
注: 也可加入瘦肉, 盐, 煲2 – 3小时成煲汤
功效: 滋潤心, 肝, 脾, 肺, 可在天氣燥热时, 或吃过多燥热食物, 或熬夜, 口干舌燥,干咳, 皮肤干燥, 大便硬等时飲用。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
3) 生津代茶饮 
材料1) 芦根 : 60g, 甘草 : 10g 
材料2) 马蹄 : 10个, 黄梨 : 1个, 鲜藕 : 1节, 青果 : 10个
方法
1) 将材料1的芦根和甘草剪成小段, 洗净, 用水浸泡
2) 马蹄洗净, 用刀面拍开, 黄梨去皮切块, 鲜藕洗净切片,青果掰开去核
3) 把所有材料包括浸泡水, 放入锅内, 再加水2 litre, 大火煮开后, 转小火煎煮1 – 2小时, 静置片刻, 过滤后即可饮用
功能生津止咳, 清热解暑, 适宜于天气炎热或病后, 口中燥渴, 咳痰有白沫, 粘滞不爽难吐, 咽干或咽痒, 声音沙哑, 大便干燥等症。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
4) 枸杞双花茶
枸杞子 : 12g (洗净, 沥干)
玫瑰 : 6g (捏碎)
茉莉花 : 6g (洗净, 沥干)
龙眼肉 : 10g
玉竹 : 10g (洗净, 沥干)
黑枣 : 4枚 (剪开口, 洗净, 沥干) 
盐 : 少许 (可不放)
方法
1) 将所有材料放进保温杯里, 冲入滚水, 盖好
2) 待稍温当茶喝, 可多次反复冲泡
3) 加盐有清热的作用, 可不放
注: 如体质燥热者, 可不加龙眼肉, 把玉竹增加15 – 20g
功能滋肾养心, 舒肝理血, 健脑安神, 适用于心慌, 烦躁不安, 易怒急躁, 健忘, 头晕耳鸣, 口干口苦, 咽干, 腰痠, 容易疲倦等平日工作或功课繁重时, 可常饮用, 有补脑及缓解紧张的作用。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
5) 番茄丝瓜汤
材料1) 丝瓜 : 300g (去皮, 洗净, 切成滚刀块), 番茄 : 400g (洗净, 川烫后剥皮, 切块)
材料2) 黑木耳 : 20g (洗净, 泡软) 
材料3) (拌均)瘦肉 : 200g (洗净, 切片), 酱清 : 1 tsp, 胡椒粉 : ¼ tsp, 玉米粉 : 1 tsp
方法
1) 烧热锅放少量油 (可用橄榄油) 投入材料1翻炒几下
2) 加入黑木耳略炒一下, 加水适量煮滚
3) 加入肉片, 添加盐, 白糖调味, 再滚2分钟, 熄火, 可随意添加少量麻油
功能有健胃消食, 清热润燥的功效,天热或食用燥热食物或熬夜时出现口干咽干, 没有胃口,皮肤干燥, 大便硬或不畅等。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
6) 双耳五色甜汤
材料1) 绿豆 : 100g
材料2) (洗净, 用水泡软)白木耳 : 30g, 黑木耳 : 30g
材料3) 南瓜 : 150g (去皮, 切丁), 红枣 : 10 – 15 枚 (洗净, 去核), 冰糖或片糖 : 适量
方法
1) 把绿豆洗净, 用水浸泡1 – 2小时后, 然后开大火煮 沸, 转小火煮30 – 60分钟
2) 加入其它材料, 续煮至熟软
3) 加入冰糖或片糖调味,再煮10分钟即可
功能有滋阴润燥, 补益气血的作用, 适合大部分体质的人,适合平日常食用如天气炎热、过食燥热食物、熬夜等,出现口干, 皮肤粗糙干燥或皮肤发红长小红疹, 大便干燥, 睡眠不宁等, 常喝有帮助改善症状。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
7) 滋补清润湯
材料1)
玉竹 : 15g, 沙參 : 15g, 淮山 : 15g, 百合 : 30g, 熟地 : 15g, 杞子 : 15g, 蜜枣 : 8粒, 水 : 适量
材料2)
瘦肉 : 200-300g (切块, 用滚水川烫过)
方法
1) 將材料1洗淨放入锅內, 加水适量, 浸泡1小时
2) 加入瘦肉, 用大火煮滚后改为小火煮1-2小時即可, 可加盐调味
* 有养血滋补肝肾, 润肺安神的作用, 适用体质燥热或常熬夜或用脑过多者。 咽干舌燥, 眼睛干涩不适, 皮肤干燥, 睡眠不安, 容易疲倦, 腰酸, 大便干燥等。
* 平日饮用有滋补强壮, 润肤养颜的作用, 但平日容易腹胀, 痰多, 大便稀烂者不宜饮用。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
8)木瓜薏米玉竹汤
材料1)
木瓜 : 1个, 瘦肉 : 200 – 300g
材料2 )
生薏米 : 30g, 熟薏米 : 30g, 玉竹 : 15g, 淮山 : 15g, 水 : 适量
方法
1) 木瓜去皮, 去籽, 切块状, 瘦肉用滚水川烫过, 待用
2) 将生熟薏米、玉竹、淮山洗净, 放進锅內, 倒入适量水, 浸泡1小时
3) 加入木瓜与瘦肉, 大火煮开,转小火煮2小时,加盐调味即可
* 有利水去湿、去暑、滋阴补气、健睥胃, 润肠通便的作用。常服能使皮肤光滑,预防皮肤病。
天气炎热时,出现疲倦、口干,没有胃口、皮肤长热痱等可常饮用。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
9) 西洋菜黄豆素湯
黃豆 : 200g, 果皮 : 1角 (洗净, 浸软), 蜜棗6粒, 西洋菜 : 600g (洗淨, 切段)
方法
1) 把黃豆洗淨, 沥干水分后, 用鑊干炒至发出香味
2) 將所有材料放入锅內,加水适量,大火煮滾后, 转小火煮2小時, 加鹽少许即可
* 有清熱潤肺的作用,适合天热时口干、尿黄、大便干等或在过食燥热食物后饮用。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
10) 木瓜银耳汤
材料1)
半生熟木瓜 : 1个
材料2)
银耳 : 30g, 冰糖 : 适量
方法
1) 木瓜去皮, 去籽, 切成小块
2) 银耳泡软后, 撕成小朵
3) 加适量的水煮至木瓜, 银耳软熟
4) 加入冰糖, 再煮10分钟, 即可食用
* 适合用于因过食燥热食物或熬夜后, 出现口干, 咽干, 大便干燥等 平日也可作为甜品食用, 有清肺润燥, 润肠通便的功效, 能养颜及预防“热气”。


此食谱是由 :新加坡中医学研究院院长 : 郭美伶医师 所提供
11) 川贝蜜梨
材料1)
鸭梨 : 1个 (选体积较大)
材料2)
川贝母 : 3g (打碎), 冰糖 : 20g (可随意增减)
方法
1) 将梨洗净, 从梨顶部至3 cm, 打横切开成2半
2) 在梨中央挖个小洞, 把籽和芯取出不要
3) 在小洞内放入敲碎的川贝母和冰糖
4) 把梨顶部盖上, 四周用牙签固定
5) 把整个梨放进碗里, 隔水炖2小时, 即可吃梨喝水
* 有清热解毒、润肺润喉、消痰止咳的功效。
* 适用于声音嘶哑,干咳无痰、或常需说话或唱歌者、或吃过多燥热食物以至咽喉干燥者。

6 comments:

  1. Hi Miss B, every year this time we suffer the same fate,hazy days. This year it's worst in S'pore and southern peninsula M'sia. When coming to Pg? Soon I supposed. Yesterday we still see blue sky but today not so good. Many people are still ignorant of ways to look after themselves in such times at this literate age.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Kimmy,
      I certainly hope the haze will not drift to Penang. Penang is so far north, even if it drifts towards there, the haze would have dissipated to a great extent. Btw, I read this morning that a state of emergency has been declared in Muar, since the PSI has reached 750!

      Delete
    2. Hi Miss B, today Muar's PSI is better but Penang has worsened compared to 2-3 days ago.

      Delete
  2. It's the same in Malaysia. I remembered it was really bad in 1997 when I was back in KCH with my 9 mth old son. We had to stay indoors almost the entire of our vacation then. The masks were of no use. yes, I read in the De Morgen yesterday about the smog. The news only mentioned Singapore, but Malaysia is as bad...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi nasifriet,
      You are right, the haze was the worst in Sarawak in 1997 with a PSI reading of 860 according to this article.
      http://www.asiaone.com/News/Haze/Story/A1Story20130623-431746.html

      Now, Muar is experiencing a incredibly high PSI of 750, and a state of emergency has been declared!

      Delete
  3. It rained hailstones this afternoon in the western part of Singapore! I think it could be due to the cloud-seeding in Indonesia. Unbelievable, first time in 50 years, I think.

    https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.588067637905074.1073741826.416856241692882&type=3

    https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=588078017904036&set=vb.416856241692882&type=3&theater

    https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=665983986763384&set=vb.147555165272938&type=2&theater

    ReplyDelete

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Thank you for dropping by my blog and taking the time to comment. All feedback and comments are greatly appreciated. Please leave your name (real or nick) if you would like me to answer a recipe question, otherwise all. anonymous questions and comments will be strictly ignored. Anonymity is one of my pet peeves. And any spam or links to adverts will be deleted. Thank you and have a nice day!

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